An Indian Saree is a strip of unstitched cloth, ranging from four to nine metres in length that is draped over the body in various styles. It is very much popular in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Burma, and Malaysia. The most common style is for the sari to be wrapped around the waist.
The end strip, usually longer than a meter, is called the pallu. The sari is traditionally teamed with a blouse and a ‘Petticoat’. Indian culture is embedded with rich culture and heritage and is deeply rooted in traditions along with the rich culture. Indian Clothing is known for its elegance and traditional wear all over the world.
The word sari described in Sanskrit śāṭī which means ‘strip of cloth’, and saree or sari, and which evolved to sāṛī in modern Indian languages.The word ‘Sattika’ is mentioned as describing women’s attire in ancient India in Sanskrit literature and Buddhist literature called Jatakas.
The term for female bodice, the choli evolved from ancient Stanapatta. Also, people wore long, unstitched pieces of cloths, usually referred to as loin cloths, during the time of the Indus Civilization. The petticoat is called parkar in Marathi, ulpavadai in Tamil pavada in other parts of South India: Malayalam: Telugu: romanized: pāvāḍai and shaya in Bengali and eastern India. Apart from the standard “petticoat”, it may also be called “inner skirt” or an inskirt.
Varieties of Indian Saree:-
Chiffon Sarees are light weight fabric sarees made purely from silk. These sarees are one of the most appealing attire for Indian women.
Net Sarees are made with a fabric with open spaces and come in different varieties. Different weaving patterns can be used for different kinds of netting.
Phulkari is a embroidery technique from the Punjab region and mostly used during marriage and other festivals. Phulkari embroidery most favoured colour is red and its shades.
Banarasi Saree made in Varanasi and known for their gold and silver zari. The sarees are made of finely woven silk and among the finest sarees in India.
Georgette Sarees are also light weight attire made from silk with highly twisted yarns. These sarees are made in solid colors and prints.
Draping Style of Indian Saree:-
Athpourey Style From Bengal
One of the most recognizable saree draping style is the Bengali style. Unlike the modern day saree, it has a box pleat at the front. The pallu comes from back to the front on both sides. Traditionally a bunch of keys was attached to the pallu thrown over the right shoulder. This signified the most important woman in the household as it is a great matter of pride to be given the reigns of the entire house.
Nivi Drape From Andhra Pradesh
This style was mostly worn by the aristocracy. Though not very work friendly, this style accentuates a woman’s curves in the best way and looks extremely regal. Most modern day saree styles are derivatives of the Nivi style.
Mekhela Chador From Assam
One of the most elegant ways to wear a Assam handloom saree, the mekhela chador is worn by the petite beauties of Assam. It comes in two main pieces the bottom is worn like a sarong with pleats in the front whereas one end of the upper garment is tucked to the left side of the waist in a triangle and the other end is thrown over the shoulder like a shawl.
Nauvari saree from Maharashtra
The Nauvari or the original nine yard saree speaks volumes about the strong, independent women of Maharashtra. This saree draping style is distinguished by its unusual draping pattern which necessitates it being worn around the legs like a dhoti while the upper part is worn like a normal saree.
Mohiniattam from Kerala
This drape is primarily worn by the Golla and the Gudati Kapulu communities of Narasannapalle, a village in the Kadapa district of Andhra Pradesh. This requires a material like silk which can hold the shape for long hours.
Seedha pallu from Gujarat
An everyday saree draping style in Gujarat, this saree drape resembles a lehenga choli where the pallu of the saree is used in place of the dupatta. This permits immense freedom of movement and works very well for heavy sarees where the shoulder doesn’t have to carry the weight of the heavily worked pallu. The pallu in the front is perfect for demonstrating the intricate work on the pallu and the border.