A Turban is a type of Headwear worn by the natives of Punjab, as the name suggests. This is a symbolic part of their attire which represents respect and honor. A Turban, also called Pagg in the Punjabi language, is traditionally made by wrapping and tying yards of cloth, usually made of cotton, silk or chiffon, around the head of the man who is meant to wear it.

it is worn as customary headwear by people of various cultures. A Keski is a type of turban – a long piece of cloth roughly half the length of a traditional “single turban”, but not cut and sewn to make a double-width “Double Turban” . Turban is an item of headwear associated with Sikhism and is an important part of the Sikh culture.


Among the Sikhs, the Turban is an article of faith that represents honour, self-respect, courage, spirituality, and piety. The Khalsa Sikh men and women, who keep the Five Ks, wear the turban to cover their long, uncut hair (kesh). The Sikhs regard the Turban as an important part of the unique Sikh identity.

History of Turban:-

The Turban has been an important part of the Sikh religion since the time of the First Guru. Guru Nanak Dev ji honoured Guru Amar Das with a special Turban when he was declared the next Guru. When Guru Ram Das died, Guru Arjun Dev was honoured with the Turban of Guruship.

Guru Gobind Singh, the last human Sikh Guru, wrote:

“Kangha dono vaqt kar, paag chune kar bandhai.”

Tie your Turban twice a day and wear shaster (weapons to protect dharma), and keep them with care, 24 hours a day. Take good care of your hair. Do not cut, damage, or dye your hair. These have become some of the identifiable physical traits of Sikhs since then.

Importance of turban:-

The Turban is a symbol of spirituality, holiness, and humility in Sikhism.

Honour and self-respect

The Turban is also a symbol of honour and self-respect. In the Punjabi culture, those who have selflessly served the community are traditionally honoured with turbans.

Piety and moral values

The Turban also signifies piety and purity of mind. In the Punjabi society, the Khalsa Sikhs are considered as protectors of the weak, even among the non-Sikhs. In the older times, the Khalsa warriors moved from village to village at night, during the battles.

Friendship and relationship

Pag Vatauni (“exchange of turban”) is a Punjabi custom, in which the men exchange Turban with their closest friends. Once they exchange turbans they become friends for life and forge a permanent relationship.


Sikhs wear a Turban, to cover their long hair, which is never cut, as per the command of their previous Guru, Guru Gobind Singh.

Style of Turban:-
Punjabi Turban –  an iconic cultural look


A Punjabi Turban is the most common head gear that you will see on men in North India. The Punjabi Turban style is basically worn by Sikhs. However, these Punjabi turban styles change with the different sects of Sikhs. For example, Punjabi turban worn by a Sikh Guru will be tied different from that of a Jatt Sikh. In fact, turban styles in Punjab can even change from village to village as well as community to community.

Rajasthani turban


A Rajasthani Turban is typically rounded around the head. If you go to Rajasthan, you will see a lot of men wearing the Rajasthani turban. The Rajasthan turban is basically traditional to Rajasthan. – it was introduced by the Rajput rulers. Since Rajputs were the rulers of Rajasthan before independent India, the Rajasthani turban is essentially a royal Rajasthani turban.

Morni Turban


Morni Turban is one of the ancient turban which was usually used to tie by everyone because there was not any special style found by anyone and that was Just A Turban with any size of single cloth with any colour, it was then known for Gol Pagg.

Patiala Shahi turban


The Patiala shahi turban is predominant to the city of Patiala in Punjab and other adjoining cities. Again, Patiala was ruled by the Maharaj of Patiala, so he always wore this Patiala shahi turban. How to tie a Patiala shahi turban, and how is it different from a Punjabi turban you ask? The Patiala turban is basically tied by starting from one ear, taking the folded cloth across your head and down to the other side of your head.

Sikh turban


Sikh Turban is a symbol of equality. As mentioned earlier, the Sikh turban can be worn in many styles. The turban styles change depending on community, region and sect. The length and size of the Sikh turban also change with the community and region. The wearing of the Sikh turban was made an official policy by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

Maharashtrian turban


The turban meaning for every region and religion is different, even the turban styles vary. However, the Maharashtrian turban looks the same throughout Maharashtra. Essentially, the turban or safa that is worn at Hindu weddings is the Maharashtrian turban.

Interesting facts and comparisons
  • Women and men Sikhs wear turbans because they feel that men and women are equal.
  • Most people wear the Punjabi Turban only once in their lives as guests do not repeat Turbans at other weddings.
  • All turbans are created equal. There was a time when certain turbans represented different classes in society
  • https://www.bewakoof.com/blog/how-to-tie-a-turban-in-diiferent-styles
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dastar